We know that there is a professional differentiation of a kid’s dentist. What is it based on?
The general problem of a dentist is the arrangement of preventive means, diagnostics and the development of treatment methods and plan, but there are some peculiarities which differentiate the work of a kid’s dentist from an adult one. In childhood, our organism, as well as mouth cavity, have special features in general.
Soft tissues are more fragile meanwhile tooth tissues are less mineralized, which demands special approach and treatment methods. One of the peculiarities of kid’s dentistry is the presence of temporary and mixed bite until the development of the permanent one. Each of these cases should be approached in the right way.
What is the most wide-spread mouth cavity disease in childhood?
The most wide-spread disease in dental practice in cases of both adults and kids is caries with its complications. What is caries? Caries is the infection of hard tooth tissues, which occurs after tooth eruption.
Is caries development on milk tooth comparable with that of an adult’s one?
Progress of caries has its peculiarities at an early age.
First of all, it generally stays hidden and is more progressive and faster. Milk teeth are less mineralized and less protected from external factors.
That is why parents should be more cautious and attend a kid’s dentist as soon as the first caries occurs so that it will be possible to treat it faster and avoid further complications.
Caries development depends on household conditions, age and the general state of the organism, diet, hygiene of mouth cavity and other reasons. Caries is interrelated with general health. It has been well said that the mouth cavity is the mirror of our body.
If there is a problem in the organism we can see its manifestations in our mouth cavity and the opposite, if we have any problem in our mouth it means that something is wrong with our organism.
For example, in the result of intestinal dysbacteriosis calcium deficiency may be developed, which in its turn can lead to demineralization of teeth, it means that the tooth tissue will be deprived of needed minerals.
Caries in its turn can lead to different complications, for example, chronic tonsillitis, rheumatism, neuritis, endocarditis, and others. Those children having teeth with carious lesions frequently get ill, have appetite loss, feel slack and they show passive behavior. Thus, by doing mouth cavity sanation we solve a very important problem of maintaining the child’s general state of health.
Is there any prevention of caries?
The role of parents in prevention of caries is crucial, because only cooperation with them can lead to the desired results. We do everything possible, but cavity detection and a visit to a dentist on time is parents’ task. This makes it easier not only for us bu
t also for children and their parents. Prevention is better than cure is a most famous proverb which is a big example to us in our daily life.
It is much easier to work with the kid by prevention programme, which is free of any excitement.
It is even is fun and interesting for them, than to treat already existing problem, which supposes much more time, emotional stress as well as finance. Prevention of caries is an important and multifunctional program, which solves a series of problems. The program includes both local and general intervention. The following factors are of utmost importance in the process of caries prevention:
Right diet including the lessening of carbohydrates, which supposes the use of less sweets and the balanced use of healthy food: dairy products, fruits and vegetables and food containing proteins, for example fish and seafood.
It is not recommended to give a child bedtime liquid, juice or sweet tea except water.
The consequence is the deacreas of saliva which worsens the oral cavity self-cleaning function and in the result the probability of cavity development increases.
One more important circumstance is that caries develops in case of cariogenic bacteria, the origin of which very often is the kid’s mother.
We advise not to lip the spoon or the pacifier and give it back to the kid, by doing so you don’t help your child but do just the opposite thing.
In Avanta innovative medical center the local prophylactic intervention is carried out right in the dental room with special materials, which contain the needed microelements.
The assignment is individual for each case. The methods and frequency of treatment are being set by the kid’s dentist depending on the certain situation. This method allows to avoid further complications and have healthy teeth and beautiful smile.
Is the treatment of the milk teeth justified, as they are going to be replaced by the eruption of permanent teeth?
Very often parents ask if there is need to treat milk teeth or not, as they are temporary. Milk teeth are temporary, but so long as nature gave us milk teeth it means they have a special meaning.
The early loss of milk teeth can cause a lot of problems such as: gastrointestinal tract disorders by the result of bad biting as well as phonetic problems (speech disorders).
As a result of milk teeth extracted, adjacent teeth can move towards the extracted tooth, as nature does not like “emptiness”.
Permanent teeth can erupt in wrong site, which can result in dentoalveolar system problems. The permanent tooth which is under the milk tooth can be damaged because of untreated cavities in time.
That is why it is a must to treat milk teeth. Of course the treatment of milk teeth is not an easy work to do.
In Avanta innovative medical center due to the dentist-parent cooperation it is possible to reach a desired result. All our dentists want is to see our little patients healthy and happy.
Are there any habits which can also affect the formation of a beautiful smile?
We can single out the following common habits: sleeping with the finger in the mouth, sleeping with one’s mouth open, a long-term pacifier use (more than 3 years), frequent pushing against the inside of the teeth with tongue. All this cause dentoalveolar anomalies and already implies orthodontic treatment.
What type of toothbrush and toothpaste is recommended to use?
It’s very important to teach a child the right technique of tooth brushing and caring of the teeth from an early age.
The parents’ role is very big in this case as it is carried out directly under their control and even with their help. It is important to choose a right toothbrush and toothpaste according to the certain age and oral cavity state.
The toothbrush should be convenient to hold, should be colorful so that the child will be motivated to brush his/her teeth. The toothpaste should be meant for kids and contain fluorine.
In Avanta innovative medical center the work with kids is performed with special psychological approach. With our assistance your child will always have beautiful teeth and smile.